Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, & Cabbage
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Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and brussels sprouts are all cold weather crops that should be planted in early spring. While many of these crops look different they grow in a similar manner. Cabbage has been grown for over 4 millennium giving it a rich history in cooking.
crops love to be grown in cold weather. The best climate for growing broccoli and other brassica family vegetables is cool. They will tolerate frosts of 20°F (6.5°C) and like daytime temperatures around 50-70F° F (10-20°C) and certainly no higher than 80°F (26°C), or it will bolt to seed. That does not mean a few days of warm temperatures will cause the plants to fail but they should not be started in July.
Pests can be a problem with any garden plant. Try rotating your crops from year to year and using organic controls when you do see pests. I find that cabbage worms can be a problem larvae often can be removed by hand-picking. Another option is to spray larvae with spores of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). It is nontoxic to humans, wildlife, and unrelated insects. Trade names include Dipel and Thuricide.
Insecticidal soaps, row covers and beneficial insects can also be used to help control unwanted pests.
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